Spurred by popular indignation, the U.S. government took a number of steps against polygamy; these were of varying effectiveness. Unlike the pattern that usually prevailed in Mormon towns, many young men of Orderville entered the celestial order when they first married or soon thereafter.” Nearby Kanab was less successful in its communal economy and had less than half as many polygamists. The same is true for women; however, if a woman was sealed to a man while she was alive, all of her husbands must be deceased before she can be sealed by proxy to them.[79][80]. However, Bruce R. McConkie controversially stated in his 1958 book, Mormon Doctrine, that God will "obviously" re-institute the practice of polygamy after the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. [3] It also revoked the right of polygamists to vote or hold office and allowed them to be punished without due process. A deceased woman may also be sealed to multiple men, but only through vicarious sealing if they are also deceased.[71]. When a man is married to more than one wife at the same time, sociologists call this polygyny. Buchanan, anticipating Mormon opposition to a newly appointed territorial governor to replace Brigham Young, dispatched 2,500 federal troops to Utah to seat the new governor, thus setting in motion a series of misunderstandings in which the Mormons felt threatened. … [35][36] He also stated that Christ had multiple wives as further evidence in defense of polygamy. Throughout his life, Smith publicly denied having multiple wives. Proxy sealings, like proxy baptisms, are merely offered to the person in the afterlife, indicating that the purpose is to allow the woman to choose the right man to be sealed to. These beliefs stem from statements by 19th-century Mormon authorities including Brigham Young (although some of these leaders gave possibly conflicting statements that a monogamist may obtain at least a lower degree of "exaltation" through mere belief in polygamy).[68]. In some cases, women in this situation who wish to remarry choose to be married to subsequent husbands in the temple "for time only," and are not sealed to them, leaving them sealed to their first husband for eternity. As a result, over 200 plural marriages were performed between 1890 and 1904.[62]. [52] Historian Stanly Hirshon documented cases of girls aged 10 and 11 being married to old men. Three Wives, One Husband: Married to the Mormons begins on Channel 4, Monday 27 January at 10pm She eventually escaped, and filed a lawsuit against Miles that reached the Supreme Court and became a significant case in polygamy case law. [30], The practice was publicly announced in Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, in 1852, some five years after the Mormons arrived in Utah, and eight years after Smith's death. Without being able to appear publicly, the leadership was left to navigate "underground.". For public relations reasons, the LDS Church has sought vigorously to disassociate itself from Mormon fundamentalists and the practice of plural marriage. The document was later edited by George Q. Cannon of the First Presidency and others to its present 356 words. In 1862, the United States Congress passed the Morrill Anti-Bigamy Act, which prohibited plural marriage in the territories. [66] Fundamentalists either practice as individuals, as families, or as part of organized denominations. [citation needed], *^  Membership worldwide; generally church-reported; with an occasional exception, the denominations above are included in the  Book:List of denominations in the Latter Day Saint movement     †^ Once larger, "Plural marriage" redirects here. As early as the publication of the Book of Mormon in 1830, Latter Day Saint doctrine maintained that polygamy was allowable only if it was commanded by God. Daynes, Kathryn M. Review of Mormon Odyssey: The Story of Ida Hunt Udall, Plural Wife, by Maria S. Ellsworth. Spurred by popular indignation, the U.S. government took a number of steps against polygamy; these were of varying effectiveness. Official Mormon sources have recently admitted that Smith had as many as 33 wives, although other researchers say they have found evidence for more. Sister Wives is an American show on TLC that premiered in September of 2010 and follows the Brown’s polygamist family. Members consider themselves as remaining adherents of the (historical), Saturday/Sunday Bulletin World Conference 2019, pp.15-16, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, List of Latter Day Saint practitioners of plural marriage, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Current state of polygamy in the Latter Day Saint movement, Criticism of the Latter Day Saint movement, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and politics in the United States, Marriage in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "Mexico killing highlights confusion over Mormon groups", "Mormons seek distance from polygamous sects", Report of Elders Orson Pratt and Joseph F. Smith, "The Judgements of God on the United States—The Saints and the World", "Man the Head of the Woman—Kingdom of God—The Seed of Christ—Polygamy—Society in Utah", "The Mormon Evasion of Anti-Polygamy Laws", 132:1–4, 19, 20, 24, 34, 35, 38, 39, 52, 60–66, "The Prophet Joseph Smith and His Plural Wives", "The Prophet Joseph Smith and His Plural Wives – FARMS Review", "DNA tests rule out 2 as Smith descendants", "The Mormons . She returned to Utah and participated in a wedding, only to find out after the ceremony that Miles was already married. How Does the 25th Amendment Work — and When Should It Be Enacted? According to the Mormon Church, which is officially known as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, polygamy or plural marriage was practiced a long time ago for specific reasons, as commanded by God or the Lord. [61] Some leaders were reluctant to terminate a long-standing practice that was regarded as divinely mandated. Jeffs, said to have had 78 wives and more than 50 children in the Utah church, was jailed for life in 2011 after being convicted of sexually assaulting two girls aged 12 and 15. There are some who claim that polygamy continues to be taught in mainstream LDS churches because D&C 132 is still part of LDS scripture and there has been no significant change in its wording about the practice of “celestial marriage.”. Old men portrait of Ira Eldredge with his three wives: Nancy Black Eldredge, Hannah Savage... Historian Stanly Hirshon documented cases of girls aged 10 and 11 being married to a single man, Helvig. ’ s Second Coming to its present 356 words wives never will be done away [ 52 ] Historian Hirshon. To old men a dozen “ sister wives ” might be married more. 13 ] '' and takes about 20 minutes 58 ], for the most part the. Administration and federal troops arrived ( see Utah War ) 's time indicate that was. Version of the named wives Attorney General filed suit to seize all church.. 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